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National Agricultural Classification Survey

Report Form and Instructions:

2016 Sample report form

Additional Materials:

News Release

Frequently Asked Questions:

  1. What is the National Agricultural Classification Survey?

    The National Agricultural Classification Survey is a nationwide effort to identify potential agricultural operations in the United States. The results of this survey will help provide the best possible coverage for the 2017 Census of Agriculture. The Census of Agriculture is a complete accounting of U.S. farms and ranches and the people who operate them. The Census, taken only once every five years by USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), looks at land use and ownership, operator characteristics, production practices, income and expenditures.

  2. Why should I respond to the National Agricultural Classification Survey?

    Your response to this survey will help NASS provide the most complete accounting of U.S. agriculture. Did you know that 75 percent of the 2.1 million farms in the United States reported agricultural sales of $50,000 or less in the 2012 Census of Agriculture? Many people who do not consider themselves to be farmers or ranchers actually meet the official census definition of a farm (sold or normally would have sold $1,000 or more of agricultural product in a year).

  3. Do you really need to count me?

    YES - if you own or rent agricultural land, grow vegetables, grow horticultural or floricultural products, have fruit or nut trees, cattle, horses, poultry, hogs, bees, aquaculture products, or consider yourself a farmer or rancher, we need to hear from you.

  4. How will the National Agricultural Classification Survey be conducted?

    Survey forms will be mailed in December to addresses where agricultural activities may have occurred or have the potential to occur. Responses are due by February 1, 2017. NASS will follow up to try and gather the information if we do not receive a completed survey.

  5. How do I respond to the National Agricultural Classification Survey?

    Please complete your form online at All you need is the identification number on the survey form to complete your survey online. Or you can complete and return your form by mail using the return envelope provided.

  6. Will my information be kept confidential?

    Absolutely. Respondents are guaranteed by law (Title 7, U.S. Code) that their individual information will be kept confidential. NASS uses the information only for statistical purposes and publishes data only in tabulated totals. The report cannot be used for purposes of taxation, investigation, or regulation. The privacy of individual records is also protected from Freedom of Information Act requests.

  7. What if I am not actively farming or ranching?

    If you are not actively farming, ranching, or engaged in any agricultural activity, your response is still important to us to verify that you do not currently meet the definition of a farm or ranch. Please complete the first four questions on the front page of the form and follow the instructions provided. If you do not return the form, NASS will follow up to try and gather the information.

  8. What if I receive more than one form in the mail?

    If you receive more than one form, please complete a form for each separate operation you conduct. If you only have one operation, please complete only one form and write “DUPLICATE” on the other forms and return them all in the same envelope.

  9. Why did I receive this form? How did you receive my name?

    To ensure the most complete Census of Agriculture, NASS maintains a list of individuals who have agricultural production. Additionally, we obtain mailing lists from public and private sources associated with agriculture. Some of the lists did not indicate whether the addressee was actually an agricultural producer but did indicate that the addressee likely has the potential to have agricultural production. You may have received a survey form if your name appeared on one or more of those lists.

  10. What if I want more information?

    For more information or help completing your form, call 1-888-4AG-STAT or 1-888-424-7828.

Last Modified: 05/26/2017