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About The Census

  • What is the Census of Agriculture?

    The Census of Agriculture is a complete count of U.S. farms and ranches and the people who operate them. Even small plots of land - whether rural or urban - growing fruit, vegetables or some food animals count if $1,000 or more of such products were raised and sold, or normally would have been sold, during the Census year.

    The Census of Agriculture, taken only once every five years, looks at land use and ownership, operator characteristics, production practices, income and expenditures. For America’s farmers and ranchers, the Census of Agriculture is their voice, their future, and their opportunity.

    Frequently asked questions about the 2017 Census.

  • Why is the Census of Agriculture important?

    The Census of Agriculture provides the only source of uniform, comprehensive and impartial agricultural data for every county in the nation. Through the Census of Agriculture, producers can show the nation the value and importance of agriculture, and they can help influence the decisions that will shape the future of American agriculture for years to come. By responding to the Census of Agriculture, producers are helping themselves, their communities, and all of U.S. agriculture.

  • Who uses Census of Agriculture data?

    Census of Agriculture data are used by all those who serve farmers and rural communities — federal, state and local governments, agribusinesses, trade associations and many others.

    • Farmers and ranchers can use Census of Agriculture data to help make informed decisions about the future of their own operations.
    • Companies and cooperatives use the facts and figures to determine the locations of facilities that will serve agricultural producers.
    • Community planners and local governments use the information to target needed programs and services to rural residents.
    • Legislators use the numbers from the Census when shaping farm policies and programs.
    • To see some specific examples of how the data are used, see our Your Census. Your Story. If you use census data, please add your example to the page.

  • How can I participate in the 2017 Census of Agriculture?

  • Where can I access information about previous Censuses?


Last Modified: 11/27/2017